- What is radon gas?
- What are the health effects of exposure to radon in a home?
- How does radon enter a home?
- How do I test my home for radon?
- What does the test result mean?
- How can I fix a radon problem?
- More information
- Contact us
Radon and Smoking Risks don't add up...they multiply
If you smoke and your home has high levels of radon, your risk of getting lung cancer is especially high. The EPA estimates that 86% of radon-related lung-cancer deaths occur among current or former smokers.
- Learn more: Radon, Smoking, and Lung Cancer
Poster Contest Winners
Fifty-one elementary and middle school students submitted artwork for the first annual Vermont Department of Health Radon Poster Contest!
See the four top posters
What is radon gas?
Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas. Radon has no color, odor or taste and results from the decay of uranium, which is a radioactive element found naturally in the earth’s crust. Over billions of years, uranium decays into radium, and eventually, radon.
Unless you test for it, there is no way of knowing if radon is present in your home.
What are the health effects of exposure to radon in a home?
There are no known health effects connected with brief exposure to radon. However, over a lifetime, breathing air with too much radon increases a person’s risk of getting lung cancer. The risk is increased even more for a smoker exposed to radon.
According to a report by the National Academy of Sciences, radon is estimated to cause between 15,000 and 22,000 lung cancer deaths per year. It is the second leading cause of lung cancer after smoking.
How does radon enter a home?
Radon is present in soil, air and water. However, soil is the main contributor of radon in homes. The amount of radon that escapes from the soil into a home’s air depends on many factors including geology, soil type, and building construction.
Elevated levels of radon have been found in all types of homes in every area of Vermont. The likelihood of a radon problem cannot be predicted by the style, age, or location of a house. Houses can act like large chimneys, with warm air rising and escaping out upper floor windows and through cracks in the attic. This creates a vacuum at the lowest level of the house, which can pull the radon from the soil into the house.
Well water that contains radon may increase the level of radon gas in a home. Actions like taking showers, doing laundry or running the dishwasher can release radon into the air. It generally takes 10,000 picocuries per liter (pCi/L) in water to increase the radon level in air by 1.0 pCi/L.
How do I test my home for radon?
The use of a long-term radon test is suggested as radon levels can change daily, weekly, and seasonally. Other recommended guidelines to ensure accuracy include:
- Test your home for three to 12 months (ideally, the length of time would include a heating season). Longer test periods ensure the most accurate measure of actual exposure.
- Place your radon detector in the lowest level of living space in the house (i.e. living room, playroom, den, office, or bedroom).
- Do not put the detector in a kitchen, bathroom, laundry room, hallway or closet.
- Do not move your detector until the testing period is completed.
- Do not dust the detector.
Request a radon kit by any method described below
Submit a Completed Form Online:
Complete the online form and select the "Submit" button on the bottom of the form.
Mail a Completed Form:
Complete the form here, select the "Print" button on the bottom of the form and mail it to the Radon Program at.
VT Dept of Health, Radon Program
Division of Health Surveillance
108 Cherry Street, PO Box 70
Burlington, VT 05402
Fax a Completed Form:
Complete the form here, select the "Print" button on the bottom of the form and fax it to 802-863-7483.
Call to Request a Form:
Call us at 1-800-439-8550 and we will send you a radon kit in the mail.
Real Estate Transactions
Vermont law does not require a radon test as part of a real estate transaction. However, if radon testing has been done in the past, the buyer must be notified. For real estate transactions or other cases where a quick test is needed, the Health Department Laboratory, private labs and building supply stores sell short-term detectors.
For real estate transactions, short-term testing may be conducted in the basement if the buyer plans to use it as a living space. If you are using short-term test kits, the federal Environmental Protection Agency recommends using two testing devices, placed side-by-side. EPA’s Home Buyer’s and Seller’s Guide to Radon.
What does the radon test result mean?
Radon gas, which is measured in units of picocuries per liter (pCi/L)of air, can be found both inside and outside your house. In Vermont, the average radon level in the outside air is 0.4 pCi/L and the average level in homes is about 2.5 pCi/L.
The EPA has set 4.0 pCi/L as the action level for radon. If your test result is at or above 4.0 pCi/L, you should seek help from a certified mitigation contractor to reduce radon levels in your home.
How can I fix a radon problem?
Visit either of these links for a list of certified professionals:
The cost for installing a radon reduction system can range from $800 to $2,500, depending on the type of house and the choice of system. In most cases, a venting pipe and a fan are used to reduce radon, and no major structural changes to the home are required. Sealing foundation cracks alone has not been proven to lower levels significantly or consistently.
- Citizen’s Guide to Radon (EPA)
- General Information About Uranium (CDC)
- Home Buyer’s and Seller’s Guide to Radon (EPA)
- Radon Information (EPA)
- Radon Information Center (National Academy of Science)
- Radon Program (Fairbanks Museum & Planetarium)
Call toll free in Vermont: 1-800-439-8550