Heat Advisory in Vermont – Stay Cool!

For Immediate Release: July 6, 2010
Vermont Department of Health / Vermont Emergency Management
Media Contact: Communication Office
Vermont Department of Health
802-863-7281

WATERBURY – The National Weather Service in Burlington has issued a Heat Advisory for most of Vermont until 8 o’clock this evening. A Heat Advisory means a period of hot temperatures is expected; most of Vermont should see temperatures in the lower to mid 90s today and similar temperatures for the next couple of days. These hot temperatures combined with high humidity will combine to create a situation where heat illnesses are possible.

While extreme heat can cause problems for anyone, the elderly, children, and people with respiratory ailments are more susceptible to the heat. Those populations are encouraged to take extra precautions to avoid problems during this period of extreme temperatures.

Today is a great day to take families and kids to the many lakes and state parks around Vermont to stay cool. 

Some tips to follow during hot, humid weather:

Tips on treating heat-related ailments:

Heat Cramps are muscular pains and spasms due to heavy exertion. They usually involve the abdominal muscles or legs, and are caused by loss of water due to heavy sweating. Treatment includes getting the person to a cooler place to rest in a comfortable position. Give the person a half glass of cool water every 15 minutes.

Heat Exhaustion typically occurs when people overexert themselves in a warm, humid place where body fluids are lost through heavy sweating. Blood flow to the skin increases, causing blood flow to vital organs to decrease, resulting in a form of mild shock.

The skin will be cool and moist, appearing either pale or flushed. The person may have headache and/or experience nausea. There may also be dizziness. It is important to treat the person promptly, so the condition does not intensify into heat stroke. Get the person to a cooler place. Remove or loosen tight clothing and apply cool, wet cloths, such as towels or sheets. If the person is conscious, supply a half glass of cool water every 15 minutes, making sure the person drinks slowly. Let the person rest in a comfortable position, and watch carefully for changes in his or her condition.

Heat Stroke is the most serious heat emergency. It is life threatening. The person’s temperature control system, which produces sweating to cool the body, shuts down. The body temperature can rise so high that brain damage and death may result if the body is not cooled quickly.

The person will have hot, red skin, with changes of consciousness. Their pulse will be rapid but weak, and they will experience rapid, shallow breathing. Body temperature can rise to 105º F. If the person was sweating from heavy work or exercise, skin may be wet; otherwise it will feel dry. A person suffering from heat stroke needs immediate assistance. Call 9-1-1 and move the person to a cooler place. Immerse in a cool bath or wrap in wet sheets. Watch for breathing problems. Keep the person lying down and continue to cool the body any way you can. If the person refuses water, is vomiting, or there are changes in their level of consciousness, do not give anything to eat or drink.

For more information visit http://healthvermont.gov or call the Vermont Department of Health at 802-863-7281.

A complete forecast for all of Vermont can be found at the National Weather Service web site at www.weather.gov/btv.

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