Health Impact Assessments (HIA) are data-driven examinations of proposed projects and policies that shape our communities. The HIA process outlines potential public health impacts and considerations, providing policy makers and stakeholders with a valuable tool to inform their planning decisions.
Based on the data collected in the HIA process, recommendations can be offered for practical strategies to enhance positive health outcomes – and minimize negative ones – in a broad array of policies and projects that fall outside of the traditional public health arena, including transportation, land use, housing, and economic development.
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- CDC Healthy Places - Health Impact Assessment resources include a Transportation HIA Toolkit and focused issue areas on: Injury, Mental Health, Physical Activity, Respiratory Health, Social Capital, and Water Quality.
- Human Impact Partners (HIP) works in partnership with communities, public health and academic experts to build capacity to conduct HIAs.
- Health Impact Project is designed to promote the use of HIAs as a decision-making tool for policymakers. A collaboration of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and The Pew Charitable Trusts
- SOPHIA - The Society of Practitioners of Health Impact Assessments is an organization that aims to provide leadership and promote excellence in the practice of HIA.
Environmental Impact Statements are both a decision-making process and documents that provides a systematic, reproducible, and interdisciplinary evaluation of the potential physical, biological, cultural, and socioeconomic effects of a proposed action and its practical alternatives. (Source: CDC)
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