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TABLE C-1

1952-1997 Vermont Resident Deaths
10 Leading Causes of Death by Sex
Crude Rates per 100,000 Population


                                                         1989-   1984-   1979-   1969-   1959-   1952-
                                              1997       1991    1986    1981    1971    1961    1954
Cause of Death *                         Number  Rate    Rate    Rate    Rate    Rate    Rate    Rate 

1. Heart Disease
    9th: 390-398, 402, 404-429        T   1502   255.0   258.8   323.6   328.9   439.3   439.5   421.5
    8th: 390-398, 402, 404, 410-429   M    700   241.2   258.4   330.7   354.4   495.7   498.5   496.4
         (1.0126)                      
    7th: 400-403 (1.000)              F    802   268.4   259.2   316.9   304.8   385.1   382.2   347.5

2. Malignant Neoplasms
    9th: 140-208                      T   1230   208.8   197.8   196.3   185.3   167.0   168.0   161.3
    8th: 140-209 (1.0026)             M    636   219.2   215.3   212.7   200.1   180.2   176.9   161.0
    7th: 140-205 (0.0988)             F    594   198.8   181.0   180.6   171.3   154.4   159.5   161.6

  of Respiratory System
    9th: 160-165                      T    361    61.3    52.5    50.5    46.9    31.4    23.6    14.0
    8th: 160-163 (1.0007)             M    229    78.9    72.1    71.2    70.7    56.0    40.0    23.4
    7th: 160-164 (1.024)              F    132    44.2    33.7    30.8    24.3     7.8     7.7     4.7

3. Cerebrovascular Disease
    9th: 430-438                      T    343    58.2    51.2    58.9    64.9   117.1   131.9   129.7
    8th: 430-438 (1.0049)             M    134    46.2    39.2    42.0    54.2   106.9   113.7   119.5
    7th: 330-334 (0.981)              F    209    70.0    62.8    75.1    75.1   127.0   149.1   139.8

4. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary 
   Disease
    9th: 490-496                      T    286    48.6    39.6    38.4    31.1   NOTE: 1971 is the first
    8th: 490-493                      M    169    58.2    47.6    48.3    45.5   year in which C.O.P.D.
                                      F    117    39.2    32.0    29.0    17.4   was coded. 
5. Injuries
    9th: E800-E949                    T    199    33.8    35.1    39.2    47.0    58.4    49.4    47.5
    8th: E800-E949 (0.9970)           M    109    37.6    46.8    54.8    66.4    79.7    68.7    64.1
    7th: E800-E962 (0.926)            F     90    30.1    23.8    24.3    28.6    38.1    30.8    30.9

    Motor Vehicle Crashes
    9th: E810-E825                    T     76    12.9    17.1    19.1    24.8    26.0    21.0    17.0
    8th: E810-E823 (1.0117)           M     51    17.6    24.2    28.2    37.7    37.4    33.0    24.3
    7th: E810-E835 (0.974)            F     25     8.4    10.2    16.5    12.5    15.1     9.4     9.7

    Other Injuries
    9th: E800-E807, E826-E949         T    123    20.9    18.0    20.1    22.2    32.4    28.3    30.2
    8th: E800-E807, E825-E949         M     58    20.0    22.6    26.7    28.6    42.2    35.6    39.8
         (0.9841)                   
    7th: E840-E962 (0.884)            F     65    21.8    13.6    13.8    16.1    22.9    21.3    21.1
   
6. Influenza and Pneumonia
    9th: 480-487                      T    195    33.1    31.9    32.7    25.1    35.3    40.8    27.0
    8th: 470-474, 480-486 (0.9264)    M     88    30.3    28.2    28.4    24.1    38.4    44.2    29.9
    7th: 480-483, 490-493 (0.993)     F    107    35.8    35.5    36.9    26.0    32.1    37.6    24.3

7. Diabetes Mellitus
    9th: 250                          T    143    24.3    21.9    14.7    13.4    16.4    15.1    12.4
    8th: 250 (0.9991)                 M     67    23.1    20.0    12.4    10.8    14.3    10.4    10.5
    7th: 260 (0.994)                  F     76    25.4    23.7    16.8    15.8    18.5    19.7    14.3

8. Diseases of Arteries
    9th: 441-448                      T     83    14.1    13.1    12.2    12.3    11.0     7.3     4.2
    8th: 441-448 (0.7409)             M     48    16.5    14.9    14.9    17.3    13.6    11.0     4.7
    7th: 451-456 (1.549)              F     35    11.7    11.4     9.6     7.6     8.4     3.8     3.8

9. Suicide
    9th: E950-E959                    T     73    12.4    16.2    14.9    16.2    13.7    14.8    13.9
    8th: E950-E959 (1.0032)           M     57    19.6    27.5    24.9    25.7    23.0    26.2    23.7
    7th: E963, E970-E979              F     16     5.4     5.3     5.3     7.1     5.0     3.8     4.4
         (0.939)

10. Alzheimer's Disease    
     9th: 331.0                       T     69    11.7     9.9     5.1     0.6   Note: 1979 was the first
     8th: 290.1**                     M     14     4.8     6.3     4.6     0.4   year Alzheimer's Disease
                                      F     55    18.4    13.3     6.5     0.8   was uniquely coded. 
  
 * Cause of death is coded by the International Classification of Diseases, Adapted (ICDA). Deaths in 
   1952-1957 were coded according to the 6th ICDA revision (ICDA-6), 1958-67 deaths according to ICDA-7, 
   1968-78 deaths according to ICDA-8 and 1979 to the present according to ICD-9. Although there is little 
   difference between ICDA-6 and ICDA-7, significant changes were made in ICDA-8 and ICD-9. Therefore code 
   numbers for ICDA-7,ICDA-8 and ICD-9 are given in addition to comparability ratios which have been applied
   to earlier rates to make them comparable to the ICD-9 rates. (Ratios from "Monthly Vital Statistics Report",
   Volume 17, #8 Supplement, October 25, 1968, and Volume 28, #11 Supplement, February 29, 1980; DHEW, NCHS,
   Washington, D.C.)
** In ICD-8, Alzheimer's Disease was included in code 290.1 along with a variety of disorders associated 
   with presenile dementia.
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