Community Water Fluoridation

For more than 60 years, community water fluoridation has been a major factor in the decline of tooth decay in Vermont.

With 1/5 of all childhood health care costs related to dental care, let's continue to support this public health solution.

Community Water Fluoridation in Vermont

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Safety and Importance of Community Water Fluoridation is Evidence-Based

Evidence continues to reaffirm that community water fluoridation is effective, safe, inexpensive, and is associated with significant cost savings.

— The Institute of Medicine

The Science Behind Community Water Fluoridation
Vermont State Toxicologist Sarah Vose discusses the science behind community water fluoridation. (8 min)

Water Fluoride Levels

All communities that fluoridate their water adjust the natural occurring fluoride concentration to the level recommended for optimal health.

Adjusting Natural Water Fluoride Levels

Fluoride is a natural mineral found in rock formations and soil. All water sources in Vermont have varying levels of natural fluoride.

Before water fluoridation can be considered, the natural fluoride content is analyzed. The amount is adjusted based on the natural fluoride level in a geographic area.

Extensive research by the United States Public Health Service (the agency responsible for public health) has established optimal fluoride levels in the United States. In Vermont, the optimal fluoride level of 0.7 parts fluoride per million gallons of water (ppm) has been established. Lake Champlain’s natural fluoride level is 0.2 ppm. Water from Lake Champlain is adjusted to meet the 0.7 ppm standard.

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