The Patient Choice and Control at End of Life Act (Act 39) provides Vermont residents with terminal disease the option to be prescribed a dose of medication to hasten the end of their life. This option requires the participation of a Vermont physician.
Act 39 was passed by Vermont General Assembly in 2013, and signed into law on May 20, 2013.
For the next three years, physicians and patients must adhere to a process laid out by the Act. In 2016, that process sunsets but the law continues to provide immunity for patients and physicians who wish to take steps under the Act. No patient, physician, or pharmacist may be required to participate in activities under Act 39. Every step must be voluntary.
- Forms for Patients and Physicians
- About Patient Choice and Control at End of Life
- Vermont Law
- Resources and Information
The following forms are provided by the Department of Health to assist patients and physicians in undertaking the mandatory reporting requirements. The use of these forms is not mandatory.
Text of the Vermont Law (Act 39)
- Patient Choice and Control at End of Life (18 V.S.A. Chapter 113)
Vermont Ethics Network
National Institutes of Health