Healthcare-associated Infections (HAI) are infections that people acquire while receiving services at a health care facility. In a medical facility, bacteria, viruses and fungi can be passed from patient to healthcare provider to surfaces and back.
Types of Infections
Central Line-associated Bloodstream Infection (CLABSI)
CLABSI is a serious infection that occurs when germs (usually bacteria or viruses) enter the bloodstream through the central line. CLABSIs result in thousands of deaths each year and billions of dollars in added costs to the U.S. healthcare system, yet these infections are preventable.
- About Vermont infection reporting for Central Line-associated Bloodstream Infections
- Reports from Vermont hospitals concerning central line infection prevention steps
- CLABSI information from CDC
Surgical Site Infections (SSI)
A surgical site infection is an infection that occurs after surgery in the part of the body where the surgery took place. SSIs can sometimes be superficial infections involving the skin only. Other surgical site infections are more serious and can involve tissues under the skin, organs, or implanted material.
Vermont reports on infection rates for three common surgeries:
Vermont hospitals self-report information concerning steps for prevention of central line infections, and adherence to interventions developed by the CDC for preventing and controlling Multi-drug Resistant Organisms (MDRO) infections.
- Multi-drug Resistant Organisms (MDRO)
MDROs are defined as microorganisms, most often bacteria, that are resistant to many antibiotics, such as MRSA. The CDC provides recommendations to guide hospitals in preventing and controlling infections.
Tracking Healthcare-associated Infection Prevention Progress
The standardized infection ratio (SIR) is a statistic used to track healthcare-associated infection prevention progress over time. The SIR for a facility or state is adjusted to account for factors that might cause infection rates to be higher or lower, such as hospital size, the type of patients a hospital serves, and surgery and patient characteristics.