Hepatitis C

What is Hepatitis C?

Hepatitis C is an infection that affects the liver, and can cause a chronic condition, which may lead to chronic liver disease. It is caused by the Hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is found in blood.

Unlike Hepatitis A and B, there is no vaccine for Hepatitis C. The only way to prevent Hepatitis C is to avoid contact with infected blood.

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How does someone get infected?

Hepatitis C is spread by direct contact with human blood.

Behaviors that put people at risk for Hepatitis C:

If you or anyone you know has engaged in any of these behaviors, ask your health care provider whether Hepatitis C testing is right for you.

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Who should get tested for Hepatitis C?


Testing Recommendations
Who
Risk of Infection
Is Testing Recommended?
Injecting drug users
High
Yes
Recipients of clotting factors made before 1987
High
Yes
Hemodialysis patients
Intermediate
Yes
Recipients of blood and/or solid organs before 1992
Intermediate
Yes
People with undiagnosed liver problems

Intermediate
Yes
Infants born to infected mothers
Intermediate
After 12-18 mos. old
Healthcare/public safety workers
Low
Only after known exposure
People having sex with multiple partners
Low
No*
People having sex with an infected steady partner
Low
No*

*Anyone who wants to get tested should ask their doctor. HCV can be tested through a blood test done by your health care provider.

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Preventing Hepatitis C

There is no vaccine to prevent Hepatitis C, so be aware of the risks, and take steps to avoid exposure.

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What if I have Hepatitis C?

Learn more about Hep C so you can make the best decisions for your health and avoid passing the virus to other people.

Living with HEP C: Facts about Hepatitis C
The information in this booklet is intended for people who are newly diagnosed with Hepatitis C.

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More information

Combating the Silent Epidemic of Viral Hepatitis:
Action Plan for the Prevention, Care, & Treatment of Viral Hepatitis

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Hepatitis C Information - Centers for Disease Control & Prevention

The Hepatitis C Support Project (HCV Advocate)

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Contact Us

Kate Marsi
Viral Hepatitis Prevention Coordinator
Vermont Department of Health

108 Cherry Street
PO Box 70
Burlington, VT 05402
Tel: 802-951-4065
Email: kate.marsi@state.vt.us

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