Lyme disease is the most commonly reported tickborne disease in Vermont, and in 2017, Vermont had the highest rate of reported confirmed and probable Lyme disease cases in the U.S.
Lyme disease is caused by an infection with the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. In the eastern U.S., B. burgdorferi is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected blacklegged ticks, Ixodes scapularis. Over half of the black-legged ticks recently collected in Vermont tested positive for B. burgdorferi.
The best way to prevent Lyme disease is to prevent tick bites. If you find a tick on your body, remove it quickly to reduce the risk of contracting Lyme disease. See a health care provider if you get sick. Lyme disease is treatable. Early diagnosis and treatment are important to avoid health problems related to Lyme disease.