Failure to store and handle vaccines properly can reduce vaccine potency, resulting in inadequate immune responses in patients and poor protection against disease. Patients lose confidence in vaccines and their providers when revaccination is necessary because the vaccine(s) they received may have been compromised (exposed to inappropriate conditions/temperatures or handled improperly).
Implementing and maintaining proper storage and handling practices will safeguard the vaccine. The Vermont Immunization Program uses guidance provided in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Vaccine Storage and Handling Toolkit. The Toolkit provides best practices based on recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), vaccine manufacturers’ product information, and studies conducted by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).