As understanding of and guidance about preventing the Zika virus emerged, the Health Department has worked to protect the health of Vermonters, especially Vermonters who are traveling to warmer regions.
Birth defects are common, costly, and critical conditions that affect 1 in every 33 babies born in the United States each year.
Most birth defects are thought to be caused by a complex mix of factors, including a person’s genes, behaviors, and things in the environment.
Exposure to hazards in the physical environment—secondhand smoke, lead, mercury, air pollution, pesticides, and other toxins—may increase the likelihood of poor reproductive health outcomes.